In this topic right now it might be on your phone desktop or tablet connecting devices to the Internet use amazing benefits but what exactly is the Internet of Things well in a nutshell IoT is the concept of connecting any device to the Internet and to other devices all devices in the network interact with each other to collect and share data but I’m sure this explanation is not satisfactory so let’s go ahead and understand what exactly is.
will understand why IoT is necessary the hardware and protocols used in IoT device architecture its security standards and practices and the internet of everything finally you will look at some of the use cases of IoT and its impact on industries.
why’d you tear it of things as a learner, you should learn IoT as it provides better scope for future data scientists as well as provide for promising career opportunities you can also build in the edge your own IoT for your home as the company executive you should learn IOT because we’ll help you measure everything in the business you also, get real-time metrics actual data, and header connectivity across industries.
IoT framework in enterprises in the context of IoT devices hardware can be divided into two categories general devices and sensing devices the general devices do the embedded processing and connectivity for the platforms they are connected either by a wired network or wireless interfaces are the main component for data collection and information processing the current home appliances a classic example of such devices that are controlled by a sensor these sensors help solve common problems apart from sensors actuators are another important device in IoT that performs similar functions with different capabilities they work as an interface between sensors and machines and collect various information like humidity and light intensity this information is computed using the edge layer which typically assists between the cloud and the sensor they are the layers that store the intermittent transfer of information finally the backend server of the cloud processes this information both the sensors and actuators for the chief components of IoT.
the sensors measure temperature humidity light intensity and other key parameters of the home environment the second most crucial aspect of IoT is device management platforms or DMPs the DMV’s as they are shortly called are the platforms through which these assets interact with a software layer through network gateways DMP comes with various functionalities which include firmware upgrades security patching and reporting of metrics, they also help develop alert mechanisms for the industrial equipment with more open-source OS like Arduino overall it is an important aspect of the management of the device penetration connectivity blocks and the 50 blocks collectively it’s considered as the backbone of an IoT setup there are various connectivity layers like USB can protocol and Modbus the next generation protocols of Wi-Fi are Laura and cig P they can interface with any application or modules a small device embedded in an object the entire landscape is called gateway architecture various ports are to 32.4 8/5 from USB they come with gateway architecture the device interface is important for the data transfer and enables digital transformation with third-party applications and systems communication protocols and standards.
let us try to understand the various communication protocols available to set up an IoT the first is the satellite this enables cell phone communication through an antenna situated within 10 to 15 miles they have a stable and universal connection the second is protocol is Wi-Fi and is based on five gigahertz frequencies it provides internet access within a certain range and is an affordable option it has well-protected protocols the third is radiofrequency it is the easiest form of communication a few examples are ZigBee in sea wave which uses low-power RF radio it consumes low the energy which is very advantageous.
it is relatively simple to configure the fourth in this list is RFID it uses wireless electromagnetic fields to identify sensors and objects good thing about it is that does not require power the fifth is Bluetooth which is useful for short term and short-distance data exchange it is present in every smartphone and has sensors the final one is near field communication or NFC, it uses electromagnetic induction and loop antennas come with encryption for low-speed communication and are used for short-range data exchange future of IoT connectivity.
IoT connectivity is a future the launch of new technologies like 5g the 5g with low latency and higher throughput will increase the penetration of IoT 5g cellular technology is supported by the network for virtualization even for the common use case such as 40 vendor’s real-time predictive analytics can be available so overall the delivery time is reduced with IOT 5g and IOT are embedded technologies both can be sliced and diced for predictive analytics and real-time.
business decisions 5g will help devices connect through a network with high-speed bandwidth IoT device architecture there are four layers in the device architecture the base layer consists of IoT devices this includes all the components like sensors with the ability to sense compute and connect other devices let’s move on to the second layer which is the IoT gateway or aggregation layer this layer significantly aggregates data from various sensors, these two layers form the definition engine and set the rules for data aggregation next layers based on the cloud it’s called processing engine or event processing layer it has numerous algorithms and data processing elements they’ve ultimately displayed on a dashboard this layer.
basically processes the data obtained from the sensor layer the last layer is called the application layer or API management layer acts as an interface between the third-party application and infrastructure the entire landscape supported by device managers and identity and access managers which are useful for the security of the architecture many individuals and organizations have contributed to create and set the standard it covers the entire network and endpoint systems it brings a structural approach with security controls in place it provides a demarcation based on two uses for enterprises to build algae products this standard has 85 detailed recommendations can a structured approach to convince any IoT ecosystem it has a flexible framework addressing the diversity of the technology aligned to the regulation it also has risk modeling capabilities for any organization to choose from including endpoint ecosystems.
the standard is Fleury flexible and comes with the inbuilt risk assessments for any organization to adapt over allis an interesting standard and easy to get trained at IoT security best practices there are many best practices in IT security let us look at some best practices pertaining to IoT hardware first of all the hardware should be tamper-proof they should have undergone dynamic testing of the specific data protection algorithms and should be updated on firmware and patches the network components must be authentic with encryption kernel controls and division of networks of the segment’s other security measures include privacy protection for sensitive information and other regulations like safe harbor statements.
there are many value drivers to help the internet of everything key drivers are employee productivity supply and logistics customer experiences innovation and time to market asset utilization all the factors are tightly linked to generating new revenue gains for any enterprise time to market can innovation this will help with a competitive index of the organization will help discover MVP reduces the cost of building and bring improvement in customer experience asset utilization is the form of digital-physical and even smart assets yes it discovery is the requirement for the establishment of the IoT ecosystem supply chain is also a key value driver pin assesses the requirement appears out of everything in addition to the drivers their significant elements.
the element standard for buckets, the first is data which encapsulate sending and analyzing data the second bucket is the people who are always connected and have a contextual subject mapping with a real-time world for decision making the third bucket is the things which link people to machine with endpoints addresses and sensors the last the bucket is machined to data which talks with a business value in action iteration essentially building.
simple models to achieve corporate results internet of everything growth engine the internet of everything comes with a growth engine for any organization it includes people for the most valuable resources the process of making the right effort the things that include the physical devices other objects and the data taken from sensors to make actual insights for decision making is an important people process things and data are the growth engine elements it gives a company an edge in the digital transformation world the data privacy and transparency mechanism it is important for every organization to follow internet ethics and compliance.
IoT and fleet management let’s discuss some use cases of IoT the fleet management is a classic example of IoT in application in this domain IoT is mainly used to track vehicles from one point to another using IOT technology, the entire fleet can be monitored with support of RFID chips embedded within every car in the fleet, the same RFID can also be used to track products such as consumer goods electronics and food items you can get real-time information on the routes that the fleet takes there are old devices that can be used to track vehicles behavior and performance including fuel consumption and mileage this can reduce the total cost and provide a greater return on investment according to a recent study the IoT market will increase to eight point two eight billion dollars by 2021 sensors.
linked artificial intelligence helps the bankers track all the activities in the backend the advancements of mobile phones and digital assistance along with 5g connectivity make the customer experience seamless first and foremost it is data is the new oil financial institutions have structured and unstructured data of the customers they can slice and dice the data for profiling segmentation product launches and digital services enablement the data can create a large economic drive and give rise to new business models like NFC banking digital assistance banking and social media banking with this transformation Internet of Things provides a competitive advantage to the banking insurance and financial services while the end goal remains to help customers save money and give a bundle offer.
let’s understand how IoT revolutionizes various industries with the advent of the Internet of Things there are many industries experiencing digital transformation such as financial services healthcare manufacturing Communications Energy retail and transportation peyote is initiated changes at all levels of user infrastructure and large-scale applications analytics with a real-time dashboard and IOT support allows informed decision-making for businesses this also means that IoT is introducing a new revenue model for enterprises around the world.